Stye - Eye Disorder
What do doctors call this condition?
Besides stye, doctors call this condition hordeolum.
What is this condition?
A stye is a localized red, swollen, and tender abscess of the eyelid glands. It can occur outside or inside the eye.
A stye can occur at any age. Generally, this infection responds well to treatment but tends to recur. An untreated stye can eventually lead to cellulitis of the eyelid.
What causes it?
A stye is caused by infection of the eyelid glands by Staphylococcus bacteria.
What are its symptoms?
Typically, a stye produces redness, swelling, and pain. An abscess frequently forms at the lid margin, with an eyelash pointing outward from its center. A pus-filled discharge is typically present.
How is it diagnosed?
Visual examination generally confirms the infection. Culture of pus from the abscess usually reveals a staphylococcal organism.
How is it treated?
Treatment consists of warm compresses applied for 10 to 15 minutes, 4 times a day, for up to 4 days to promote drainage of the abscess and to relieve pain and inflammation.
Drug therapy includes a topical sulfonamide or antibiotic eyedrops or ointment and, occasionally, a systemic antibiotic. If conservative treatment fails, incision and drainage may be necessary.
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