Uses of Sympathomimetics
Type of Drug:
Bronchodilators, "rescue" medicines. Drugs that make breathing easier by opening breathing tubes (bronchial tubes) of the lung.
How the Sympathomimetics Product Works:
Sympathomimetics dilate (open) the bronchioles (air tubes) of the lung by relaxing the smooth muscle around the bronchioles. They are also used to prevent spasms or contractions of the smooth muscles around the bronchioles. This allows easier airflow into and out of the lungs. This may also assist in removing (expectorating) mucus and other debris causing congestion in the lungs.
Uses of Sympathomimetics:
To treat and prevent reversible bronchospasm associated with bronchial and nocturnal (nighttime) asthma, chronic bronchitis,emphysema, exercise-included bronchospasm and other obstructive airway disease of the lungs.
To treat serious allegoric reactions (epinephrine injection only)
Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Use only if clearly needed and the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the possible risks to the fetus.
Breastfeeding: It is not known if these drugs appear in breast milk. Consult your doctor before you begin breastfeeding.
Children: Aerosol- Safety and effectiveness for use of albuterol, bitolterol, meta- proterenol, pirbuterol, salmeterol, and terbutaline in children younger than 12 years of age (younger than 4 years of age for Ventolin) have not been established. Consult a doctor about the use of epinephrine in children younger than 4 years of age.
Oral doseforms _ Safety and effectiveness of albuterol have not been established for children younger than 2 years (syrup) and younger than 6 years (tablets and extended-release tablets) of age. Ephedrine is rarely used alone in children. Metaproterenol is not recommended for use in children younger than 6 years of age. Terbutaline is not recommended for use in children younger than 12 years of age.
powder for inhalation _ Safety and effectiveness of albuterol and salmeterol have not been established in children younger than 4 years of age.
Solutlon for inhalation - Safety and effectiveness of albuterol, bitolterol,epinephiren ,isoeptharine and lealbuterol have not been eastlished in childern younger 12 years of age (younger than 2 years of age for ventilator) .Safety and effectiveness of metaproternol not i have not been established in children younger than 6 years of age.
Sulfites: Some of these products may contain sulfite preservatives, which can cause allergic reactions in certain individuals. Check package label when available or consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or planning to take any overthe-counter or prescription medications or dietary supplements while taking sympathomimetics. Doses of one or both drugs may need to be modified or a different drug may need to be prescribed. The following drugs and drug classes interact with sympathomimetics:
Every drug is capable of producing side effects. Many sympathomimetic bronchodilator users experience no, or minor, side effects. The frequency and severity of side effects depend on many factors including dose, duration of therapy, and individual susceptibility. Possible side effects include:
Digestive Tract: Nausea; vomiting; appetite changes; heartburn; diarrhea; stomach pain; dry mouth; indigestion; constipation; mouth fungal infection; mouth or throat irritation; gastrointestinal distress; belching; gas.
Nervous System: Vertigo (feeling of whirling motion); dizziness; lightheadedness; headache; anxiety; tension; tremor; drowsiness; weakness; fatigue; nervousness; unstable emotions; aggressive behavior; restlessness; excitement; hyperactivity; sleeplessness; agitation; nightmares; irritability; shakiness.
Circulatory System: Changes in heart rate or rhythm; changes in blood pressure; chest pain or discomfort; pounding in the chest; irregular pulse.
Respiratory System: Breathing problems; bronchospasm; respiratory infections; nasal congestion; lower respiratory infections; bronchitis; increased mucous or phlegm discharge; cough; wheezing; nosebleed; sinus headache; hoarseness (especially in children); worsening of asthma;chest discomfort; runny nose; viral infection; sneezing
Skin: Flushing; pallor; sweating; haves; rash; pain at the injection site (injection only); eczema; skin inflammation.
Other: Muscle cramps, stiffness, or soreness; unusual or bad taste; tooth pain or discoloration; painful menstruation; general body discomfort; joint, arm, neck, chest, shoulder, or back pain; low potassium levels; localized aches and pains; urinary tract infection; flu-like symptoms; allergic reaction; fever; decreased sensitivity to stimulation; accidental injury; pain; migraine; leg cramps; chills; abnormal lab tests; fainting; abnormal skin sensations; eye itch; sweating; eye inflammation.
Guidelines for Use:
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