Cellulitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Definition of Cellulitis:
Cellulitis is a spreading infection of the skin and the soft tissues underneath the skin that usually begins as a small area of tenderness, swelling, and redness on the skin. As this red area begins to spread, the person may develop a fever, sometimes with chills and sweats, and swollen lymph nodes ("swollen glands") near the area of infected skin.
You probably know that your skin has layers - three, to be exact. Cellulitis is an infection of the deepest layer, called the subcutaneous layer. It occurs when bacteria invade broken or normal skin and start to spread just under the skin or in the skin itself. This results in infection and inflammation. Inflammation is a process in which the body reacts to the bacteria. Bacteria, mainly get into the body through broken skin of any kind (such as a cut, scratch, animal bite, or a bug bite if you scratch it).
Causes of Cellulitis
Cellulitis may be caused by many different bacteria; the most common are those of the Streptococcus species. Streptococci spread rapidly in the skin because they produce enzymes that hinder the ability of the tissue to confine the infection. Although cellulitis can occur anywhere on your body, the most common location is the legs, especially near your shins and ankles. Disrupted areas of skin, such as where you've had recent surgery, cuts, puncture wounds, an ulcer, athlete's foot or dermatitis, serve as the most likely areas for bacteria to enter.
Some other Causes of Cellulitis may be:
Symptoms of Cellulitis
Cellulitis frequently occurs on exposed areas of the body such as the arms , legs , and face. In advanced cases of cellulitis, red streaks (sometimes described as 'fingers') may be seen traveling up the affected area. The swelling can spread rapidly.
In some rare and serious cases, there may be:
Treatment of Cellulitis
Without treatment, some cases of superficial cellulitis spontaneously resolve. However, recurrences are common and can lead to serious damage to the lymph nodes. With antibiotics, such complications are uncommon.
Some of the Treatment options are:
Some other Treatment Tips for curing Cellulitis fast:
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